Tag Archives: Korea

This Month in NCO History: July 20, 1950 — A heroic stand at the Battle of Taejon

From the moment Sgt. George Dalton Libby arrived on the Korean Peninsula with the rest of the 24th Infantry Division on June 30, 1950, the odds were stacked against them. But Libby’s efforts through extreme adversity would earn him the nation’s highest military honor.

The Taro Division was the first American force to reach the Republic of Korea in response to the invasion by the North Korean People’s Army five days earlier. The 24th ID was charged with slowing the advance of the North Korean assault until more U.S. forces could arrive. But that was no easy task.

The division was grossly understrength in the aftermath of post-World War II cutbacks. Its speedy arrival and limited training time in Korea meant the 24th would be, in effect, a strategic bump in the road, meant to hinder the enemy’s advance while 140,000 United Nations troops formed what eventually became the Pusan Perimeter to the south. This translated to setback after setback in the early days of fighting.

Beginning July 14, the 24th ID began a valiant stand against three attacking North Korean divisions during the Battle of Taejon. The North Koreans successfully pushed the Americans back from the Kum River east of the city before beginning an intense urban assault.

On July 20, the remaining elements of the division were attempting to withdraw from the city that once housed its headquarters. Libby was among them as part of C Company, 3rd Engineer Combat Battalion. According to his Medal of Honor citation, he was aboard a truck bound for the town of Taegu when it encountered a North Korean roadblock. Enemy forces ambushed the truck, disabling it. The subsequent barrage of bullets killed or wounded all Soldiers aboard except for Libby, who exited the vehicle and scrambled to a nearby ditch to take cover. As bullets whizzed around him, Libby returned fire, allowing wounded Soldiers to leave the truck and take cover. Twice during the firefight, he exposed himself to enemy fire by running across the road to administer aid to wounded Soldiers and pull them to safety.

Soon after, Libby heard an M-5 Half-track approaching. He flagged down the driver and began helping the wounded aboard. As the vehicle drove off, the enemy directed its fire at the driver. That’s when Libby made the decision that thrust him into history. Realizing that no one aboard would be able to operate the vehicle if the driver was killed, Libby used his own body to shield him. Libby received several bullet wounds in his arm and torso as the massive tractor rumbled away from the scene, his citation states. The vehicle made frequent stops with Libby firing his M2 carbine at enemy forces they encountered as he helped more wounded Soldiers aboard.

Eventually, the tractor came upon another roadblock and was peppered with bullets. Libby, who had ignored requests to receive first aid, once again held himself in front of the driver to shield him. Libby was struck by bullets repeatedly but refused to withdraw as the driver careened through the roadblock and headed toward safety. Libby held his position until he lost consciousness and died. He was 30 years old. His citation states, “Sgt. Libby’s sustained, heroic actions enabled his comrades to reach friendly lines. His dauntless courage and gallant self-sacrifice reflect the highest credit upon himself and uphold the esteemed traditions of the U.S. Army.”

Libby’s body was returned to the United States. He is buried at Arlington National Cemetery. He was posthumously awarded the Medal of Honor on Aug. 2, 1951.

Libby was born Dec. 4, 1919, in Bridgton, Maine. He served during World War II before his time in Korea. Since his death several buildings and monuments have been named in his honor. Perhaps the most notable is the George D. Libby Bridge, which spans the length of the Imjin River and links North and South Korea.

— Compiled by Pablo Villa

U.S. Forces Korea CSM chosen as senior enlisted advisor to Joint Chiefs chairman

NCO Journal staff report

Army Command Sgt. Maj. John W. Troxell of U.S. Forces Korea will be the next senior enlisted advisor to the Joint Chiefs of Staff.

Chairman of the Joint Chiefs Marine Corps Gen. Joseph F. Dunford Jr. announced Troxell’s selection to replace Marine Corps Sgt. Maj. Bryan B. Battaglia on Wednesday. Battaglia was selected for the role by former Chairman Army Gen. Martin Dempsey and was sworn in Sept. 30, 2011. Battaglia is retiring in December.

Troxell, 51, will be the nation’s third SEAC, a post which serves as the armed forces’ most senior noncommissioned officer and the principal military advisor to the chairman and the U.S. secretary of defense on all matters involving joint and combined total force integration, utilization, health of the force and joint development for enlisted personnel.

“All of the candidates epitomize senior enlisted leadership,” Dunford said in a statement announcing Troxell’s selection. “Sgt. Maj. Troxell is someone Soldiers, airmen, Marines and sailors can look up to. He can inspire people, and he is someone I trust to tell me things straight.”

Troxell is the command senior enlisted leader of the United Nations Command, Combined Forces Command and United States Forces Korea, stationed in Yongsan, South Korea. He enlisted in the Army in 1982 as an armored reconnaissance specialist and has served in numerous units throughout his career, including as the senior enlisted adviser for I Corps at Joint Base Lewis-McChord, Washington, and as the senior NCO for the U.S.-led International Security Assistance Force-Joint Command in Afghanistan. He served combat tours of duty in Operation Just Cause, Operations Desert Shield and Desert Storm, two tours in Operation Iraqi Freedom and one in Operation Enduring Freedom.

During a May symposium on U.S. Land Power in the Pacific in Oahu, Hawaii, Troxell expressed some of his expectations for noncommissioned officers after serving in a joint, combined environment at U.S. Forces Korea.

“When we talk about interoperability, my definition is the ability, confidence and comfort for a noncommissioned officer to operate in any environment, whether it’s their service environment or working around partner security forces or working with other services,” Troxell said. “The way I think we get after that is through horizontal communication. We do a great job at vertical communication. … What we have to get better at is horizontal communication in the joint and combined perspective.

“What we want is the ability to have that service identity and understand that as an Army there are things we have to stand alone on, but also, that we are never going to face another fight alone,” Troxell said. “It’s going to be in a joint capacity, and also a multinational capacity.”

The first enlisted service member to hold the position was Army Command Sgt. Maj. William J. “Joe” Gainey, who was SEAC from Oct. 1, 2005, until he retired in April 2008. The post was created in 2005 by then-Joint Chiefs Chairman Marine Corps Gen. Peter Pace during the height of the Iraq and Afghanistan conflicts and growing concern about the health and sustainability of the force.

Pace’s successor as chairman, Adm. Mike Mullen, opted not to appoint a senior enlisted adviser, although Dempsey did shortly after he assumed the chairman position. Dunford’s decision to name a SEAC may help institutionalize the relatively new position.

By DOD regulation, eligible for the position are only senior enlisted advisors assigned to the military’s top four-star commands — senior enlisted members of each of the five services, the nine combatant commands, the National Guard Bureau, U.S. Forces Korea, U.S. Forces Afghanistan, U.S. Cyber Command and Allied Command Transformation, a NATO command.

This Month in NCO History: May 21, 1951 — Taking the hill at Munye-Ri, Korea

When he was growing up in San Bernardino, Calif., Sgt. Joseph C. Rodriguez heard constant reminders from his father of what it took for the family to muster through the tough times endured.

“He raised me up saying, ‘Son, you be a man. You be a man. You don’t be afraid to die if it takes it,’” Rodriguez said during an oral history session for the book, Medal of Honor: Portraits of Valor Beyond the Call of Duty, first published by Artisan in 2003.

That notion was never more evident than on May 21, 1951. That day, then-Pfc. Rodriguez led a squad from F Company, 17th Infantry Regiment of the 7th Infantry Division, on a mission to take a strategic hill near the small village of Munye-Ri, Korea. That mission resulted in Rodriguez being awarded the nation’s highest honor.

The effort was part of a massive counterattack by U.S. forces to regain ground in the Korean War. But the hill was firmly entrenched with Chinese Communist forces. F Company had attempted to take the hill three times only to be repelled. Then a squad from 2nd Platoon, which included Rodriguez, got the call to attempt another assault up the high ground.

The group immediately came under heavy fire. The hail of gunfire careening down the hill wouldn’t allow the squad to press forward or withdraw. With progress halted and frustration building, Rodriguez seethed. He couldn’t see where the enemy fire was coming from. He only knew it was coming from high up on the hill. His anger over the group’s plight eventually boiled over.

“I felt something had to be done,” Rodriguez said. “I didn’t even think about it. I just did it.”

Rodriguez sprang from his pinned position and sprinted toward the top of the hill. The jaunt was 60 yards into the teeth of five machinegun nests. As bullets sprayed the ground around him, Rodriguez lobbed grenades in the direction of a foxhole to his right. The gunfire coming from that direction ceased. He ran around the left flank and silenced a second foxhole with two more grenades. After returning to his fellow Soldiers’ position to retrieve more grenades, Rodriguez continued his solo charge up the hill. He eliminated two more machinegun nests and, with bullets whizzing past him, Rodriguez sprinted to a fifth emplacement throwing grenades as he went. The gunfire finally fell silent, leaving the crackling of brush fires as the only sound evident throughout the hill.

Rodriguez’s actions, according to his Medal of Honor citation, “exacted a toll of 15 enemy dead and, as a result of his incredible display of valor, the defense of the opposition was broken, and the enemy routed, and the strategic strongpoint secured. His unflinching courage under fire and inspirational devotion to duty reflect highest credit on himself and uphold the honored traditions of the military service.”

He was subsequently promoted to sergeant and was decorated with the Medal of Honor on Feb. 5, 1952, by President Harry S. Truman during a ceremony in the Rose Garden at the White House.

Rodriguez made a career of the Army, becoming a commissioned officer in 1953 with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. He served more than 30 years, including four assignments in Latin America. He retired as a colonel in 1980.

In April 1952, Rodriguez appeared with his then-fiancée, Rose Aranda, on “You Bet Your Life,” a game show hosted by Groucho Marx. Upon hearing the reason Rodriguez made his fateful charge up the hill in Korea, Marx told the couple, “You wiped out a whole army because you got mad? Joe, if I said anything tonight that you resent, I was just being facetious. … Well, I’m sure glad you’re on our side. Rose, take good care of this fella. My advice is, don’t ever make him mad — he’s liable to wipe out Los Angeles!”

After his retirement, Rodriguez lived with his wife in El Paso, Texas. Rodriguez died there Nov. 1, 2005. He was buried with full military honors at Mountain View Cemetery in San Bernardino. He is survived by his wife and three children.

—      Compiled by Pablo Villa

Sgt. Joseph C. Rodriguez, left, appeared on “You Bet Your Life,” with his then-fiancée, Rose Aranda, in April 1952. The show was hosted by famed comedian Groucho Marx, right.
Sgt. Joseph C. Rodriguez, left, appeared on “You Bet Your Life,” with his then-fiancée, Rose Aranda, in April 1952. The show was hosted by famed comedian Groucho Marx, right.

2nd Infantry Division NCOs use history’s lessons to prepare for today’s challenges

By JONATHAN (JAY) KOESTER
NCO Journal

The 2nd Infantry Division of the U.S. Army has a storied history celebrated by their motto, “Second to None.” With 38 Medal of Honor recipients and a history that goes back to the division’s formation in 1917, today’s NCOs serving in Korea and the United States find much to be inspired by.

The division’s formation in October 1917, allows for one, and only one, deviation from the “Second to None” motto, said Command Sgt. Maj. Andrew Spano, the command sergeant major of the 2nd Infantry Division, headquartered at Camp Red Cloud, Uijeongbu, South Korea.

“When you think of ‘Second to None,’ we are second to only one unit, and that’s because the 1st Infantry Division was formed a few months earlier,” Spano said. “But in every other aspect, we’re second to no other. We’re the second oldest division in the Army. We have served in four different wars, and are still serving today on freedom’s frontier here in Korea.

“When these young Soldiers first get to wear the patch, and begin to learn about the history, they realize, ‘I’m part of something that’s been around for 96 years. I’m part of that now,’” Spano said.

WORLD WAR I

The 2nd Infantry Division is the only U.S. Army division formed overseas. The division was organized in Bourmont, France, on Oct. 26, 1917. The division was composed of both Army and Marine units, something that brings pride to NCOs such as Staff Sgt. Brian Hughes, squad leader of B Company, 2nd Battalion, 9th Infantry Regiment, 1st Brigade Combat Team, 2nd Infantry Division.

Twice during World War I, the 2nd Infantry Division was commanded by Marine Corps generals, Brigadier Gen. Charles A. Doyen and Major Gen. John A. Lejeune. It was the only time in U.S. military history when Marine Corps officers commanded an Army division.

Knowing the 2nd Infantry Division’s first test was in the Battle of Belleau Wood in World War I, which is commonly thought of as a Marine battle, and that a famous Marine general like Lejeune shares history with the 2nd Infantry Division means a lot, Hughes said.

“I am a prior Marine, and I was not aware that 2ID was formed originally with Marines,” Hughes said. “It allows me now, with my buddies who give me a hard time about coming to the Army, and my Army buddies giving me a hard time about being a Marine, to say, ‘Here with 2ID, they are both here and fought together.’ That was a really neat part of history for me to learn.”

For Command Sgt. Maj. Carl Ashmead, brigade sergeant major of the 1st Armored Brigade Combat Team, 2nd Infantry Division, that history ties directly to the mission the division serves in Korea today.

“Historically speaking, we’re the only infantry division to be formed overseas, the last division being deployed overseas, in an alliance force with a sister army that is its own separate national army, speaks a completely different language,” Ashmead said. “The first time the 2nd Infantry Division took the line in France, they had a French division on each flank that they had to coordinate and fight with. Then jump from 1917 to 2014, and we have the same issue of coordination here in Korea. The number of people who spoke French then is probably the same number of people who speak Korean in the 2nd Infantry Division right now. In 1917, we had two Marine Corps generals and a Marine brigade as part of the force, and now we’re a joint force here in Korea with Air Force, Marines, Navy, Army all working together in case of hostilities. So, there is a historical thread from the very beginning of the division in World War I that continues to run through the way we do operations today.”

After the Battle of Belleau Wood, the division went on to win hard-fought victories at Soissons and Mont Blanc, for which it was awarded the French Fourragere in the colors of the Croix de Guerre. On Nov. 11, 1918, an armistice was declared, and the division performed occupation duties in Germany until April 1919. The division returned to the United States in July 1919, emerging from World War I as the most decorated American Division of the American Expeditionary Forces.

THE PATCH

NCOs of the 2nd Infantry Division are proud to wear their distinct patch, which shows the profile of an Indian on top of a star on a black shield. The patch’s design came from two NCOs who submitted designs as part of a contest to come up with the best unit insignia. The patch came about in March 1918 when Lt. Col. William Herringshaw took the Indianhead design submitted by Sgt. Louis Lundy and put it on a white star design submitted by Sgt. John Kenny.

A display in the 2nd Infantry Division Museum at Camp Red Cloud, Uijeongbu, South Korea, shows the patch worn by 2nd Infantry Division soldiers.
A display in the 2nd Infantry Division Museum at Camp Red Cloud, Uijeongbu, South Korea, shows the patch worn by 2nd Infantry Division soldiers.

The colors, background and shape of the patch changed depending on what type of unit a Soldier was in, until 1933 when the patch we see today was made uniform.

Seeing the pride Soldiers and NCOs had in wearing the Indianhead patch is one of the first things about the 2nd Infantry Division that caught the attention of Command Sgt. Maj. Ann Sydnor, the command sergeant major of Headquarters and Headquarters Battalion, 2nd Infantry Division.

“The first time I learned of 2ID was not so far back,” Sydnor said. “I was a first sergeant at Fort Carson, Colorado, and I was with 4-4, which had previously been 2-2, and they reflagged. We went downrange, and when you go downrange, it’s ‘everybody wear this flag.’ It took a lot for those Soldiers to take this Indianhead patch off, and I realized at that point how proud they were to serve in the 2nd Infantry Division. It stood out.”

WORLD WAR II

On June 7, 1944, the day after D-Day, the Soldiers of the 2nd Infantry Division landed on Omaha Beach. On June 10, the division liberated Trévières, France. On June 11, the division secured Hill 192, a key enemy strongpoint on the road to St. Lo. Using the St. Lo break-through, the division advanced to take Tinchebray on Aug. 15. After a long, fierce battle, the division was able to take the vital port city of Brest on Sept. 18.

The division entered Germany on Oct. 3, and was then ordered to seize the Roer River dams near Aachen. However, before they could do that, the bad news arrived that 250,000 armored German troops had attacked along a 50-mile front in the Ardennes. The assault on the dams was called off and the veteran 2ID Soldiers quickly moved to help hold the line at the Elsenborn Ridge. The Germans threw a huge force at them attempting to take the ridge during the Battle of the Bulge, but the 2ID stood strong.

On Dec. 20, 1944, Gen. Courtney Hodges, commanding general of the First U.S. Army, wrote to commanding general of the 2nd ID that, “What the Second Infantry Division has done in the last four days will live forever in the history of the United States Army.”

In February 1945, the division attacked and recaptured lost ground, seizing Gemünd on March 4. The division reached the Rhine on March 9 and advanced south to take Bad Breisig and guard the Remagen bridge. After crossing the Rhine, the division relieved elements of the 9th Armored Division in Limburg an der Lahn on March 28. On April 18, the division captured Leipzig. By May, the division had moved 200 miles to positions along the German-Czechoslovakia border.

After Victory in Europe Day on May 8, the division returned to the United States on July 20, and arrived at Camp Swift, Bastrop, Texas, on July 22. The division’s Soldiers began preparing to join the invasion of Japan, but Victory in Japan Day came quickly and they never deployed.

Following the end of World War II, the division made their home at Fort Lewis, Wash.

KOREAN WAR

When hostilities in Korea began in the summer of 1950, the 2nd Infantry Division was alerted for movement to the Far East Command. The division arrived in Korea on July 23, 1950, becoming the first unit to reach Korea directly from the United States.

The division’s first test came Aug. 31, 1950, when the North Koreans began a human wave attack. In the 16-day battle, the division’s clerks, bandsmen, technical and supply personnel joined the fight. The division eventually broke out of the Pusan Perimeter, becoming the first United Nations force to enter the North Korean capital of Pyongyang.

The Chinese entered the war Nov. 26, quickly changing the dynamic to favor the North Korean forces. The 2nd Infantry Division protected the rear and right flank of the Eighth Army as it moved back south. Battles near Kunu-ri cost the division nearly a third of its strength.

On Feb. 5, 1951, the 23rd Regimental Combat Team of the 2nd Infantry Division moved into the valley of Chipyong-ni. Col. Paul Freemen, the commander of the team, requested permission to fall back. But Lt. Gen. Matthew Ridgway, the commanding general of the Eighth Army, ordered the team to stand against the Chinese forces.

On Feb. 13, the team was cut off and surrounded by three Chinese divisions. The team included an attached French Battalion and had a total of 5,000 Soldiers. They were surrounded by 90,000 Chinese soldiers. As the surrounded team exhausted supplies during the battle, air drops helped them restock ammunition, rations and other supplies. The Soldiers fought bravely for 3 days and 3 nights, eventually forcing a withdrawal of Chinese forces. This was the first victory against the forces since China became involved in the Korean War and was a major turning point in the war.

The NCOs of the 2nd Infantry Division can take lessons and inspiration from the battle at Chipyong-ni, Spano said.

“When you look back at history and look at some of the examples of the battles that were fought here in the Korean War, think back to Col. Freeman, who was the regimental commander of the 23rd Regiment,” Spano said. “That battle — when you sit there and tell the Soldiers — imagine having only 5,000 of your closest friends with you, and you circle the wagons, and they tell you to slow the enemy down. Not defeat the enemy; slow the enemy down. And over a three-and-a-half day battle, the Chinese throw regiment after regiment after regiment, and at the end of that battle more than 5,000 Chinese are dead … amazing. That was what those men had to overcome and deal with. And we’re going to have to deal with the same type of things, if and when that time comes.

“That’s what I try to tell Soldiers,” Spano said. “This is the enemy that you are fighting, you have to get to know who they are and what makes them tick. Because when you go to war, it’s not going to be like the last 12 years of the Global War on Terrorism, where you go out on patrol and you come back at the end of the day, or you might come back at the end of a 2-day patrol. We’re going North, and we’re going to do what we have to do to accomplish the mission and fight that type of enemy.”

As the fighting went on, the 2nd Infantry Division was pivotal in turning back the communist’s spring offensive in 1951, and the division was awarded the Presidential Unit Citation, the highest decoration the United States can award a division. As an armistice agreement was hammered out, the 2nd ID continued to fight for hilltops in the Iron Triangle, Pork Chop Hill, Baldy Hill, Bloody Ridge and Heartbreak Ridge.

In April 1953, the division was moved to a rear area and in summer 1954, the division was transferred from Korea to Fort Lewis, Wash. The division transferred again in 1956, this time to Alaska. From 1958 to 1965, the division was headquartered at Fort Benning, Ga. On July 1, 1965, the division’s colors returned to the Republic of Korea, where they remain today.

COLD WAR

As the Cold War played out on the Korean peninsula, 2nd Infantry Division Soldiers were assigned to guard portions of the Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) between North and South Korea. North Korean forces were engaging in increasing border incursions, and the 2nd ID went to work to halt these attacks.

On Nov. 2, 1966, a North Korean ambush at the DMZ killed six American Soldiers and one KATUSA (Korean Augmentation to the United States Army) soldier of the 1st Battalion, 23rd Infantry Regiment. In 1967, the attacks increased, and 16 American Soldiers were killed defending the DMZ.

Attacks eventually decreased, and by 1971, South Korean forces were in charge of most of the duties of patrolling the DMZ. But one of the most famous incidents in the area occurred Aug. 18, 1976, in the Joint Security Area (JSA) of the DMZ.

Despite the tensions and the fact there was no peace treaty between North and South Korea, only an armistice agreement, the United Nations set up the JSA to be patrolled by both sides, said William Alexander, the museum director of the 2nd Infantry Division Museum at Camp Red Cloud.

The 2nd Infantry Division Museum at Camp Red Cloud, Uijeongbu, South Korea, helps highlight the 96 years of service the division has provided. (Photos by Jonathan (Jay) Koester / NCO Journal)
The 2nd Infantry Division Museum at Camp Red Cloud, Uijeongbu, South Korea, helps highlight the 96 years of service the division has provided. (Photos by Jonathan (Jay) Koester / NCO Journal)

“Back then, unlike how you see it today, where the North stayed on the North side and the South stayed on the South side, back then, they were all intermixed,” Alexander said.

That intermixing led to tension and stress for the Soldiers stationed in the area, especially because North Korean forces on occasion would try to grab United Nations personnel and drag them across a bridge to the North. Those kidnapping worries led to a tree-trimming operation to help preserve line-of-sight in the area.

As the JSA tree-trimming was going on, a group of North Korean soldiers arrived and demanded that the operation end. When it continued, the North Korean soldiers attacked and killed Capt. Arthur Bonifas and 1st Lt. Mark Barrett. The attack injured several others before it was stopped.

In response to the killing of Bonifas and Barrett, Soldiers with the 2nd Infantry Division responded with Operation Paul Bunyan. In a large show of force, including B-52 bombers flying overhead, escorted by U.S. F-4 fighters and ROK F-5 fighters, Soldiers from the U.S. and South Korea moved in and cut down the tree Aug. 21, just three days after the North Korean attack.

The incident ended the intermingling of North and South in the JSA. With Soldiers staying strictly to their own sides, incidents began to decrease, and the role of the 2nd Infantry Division along the DMZ decreased, as well.

GLOBAL WAR ON TERRORISM

The first element of the 2nd Infantry Division to deploy to Operation Iraqi Freedom was the 3rd Stryker Brigade Combat Team, deploying out of Fort Lewis beginning in November 2003. In August 2004, the 2nd Brigade Combat Team made history by deploying to Iraq from the Republic of Korea. It was the first operational deployment from Korea, and the team worked alongside ROK soldiers, just as they had in Korea.

Eventually, in a throwback to the 2nd Infantry Division’s history of fighting alongside the Marines in World War I, the 2nd BCT fell under the direct command of the 1st Marine Division. Later in its deployment, the team was attached to the 2nd Marine Division.

In November 2004, The 2nd BCT fought in the Fallujah offensive, and helped Iraq with national elections in January 2005. The team redeployed from Iraq to its new home at Fort Carson, Colo., in August 2005.

Soldiers from the 2nd Infantry Division continued to deploy to Iraq and Afghanistan throughout the Global War on Terrorism, and today they are spread out around the globe, with the dual mission of fighting terrorism and containing the dangerous threat of North Korea.

HISTORY’S LESSONS

Serving with the 2nd Infantry Division and getting to serve in the Republic of Korea is a special opportunity, Ashmead said. It is a place where you serve right where the division’s history was made and fought for.

“Unlike most divisions, we’re uniquely situated where we’re stationed, right on the battlefields of some of the biggest conflicts the division participated in,” Ashmead said. “If we were in another unit, our closest battlefield might be in Europe or the Pacific Islands. In Korea, just a 15-minute drive from Camp Casey, you’re where the 2nd Infantry Division fought. You’re close to the Iron Triangle, Punch Bowl, Pork Chop Hill, Heartbreak Ridge. It’s all right outside the door. We are lucky and blessed to be stationed right in one of the main crucibles of our division’s history.”

Spano makes sure the Soldiers and NCOs of the 2nd Infantry Division learn from that history and prepare themselves for a future that could include more conflict with North Korea.

“We have not fought an enemy that is bound and determined to destroy us when we got to war with them like we have since we fought the North Koreans in the 1950s,” Spano said. “We’re not just going to be fighting insurgents who will take pot shots at you or maybe have a little gun battle that lasts a couple of hours. We’re going to be fighting against regiments, filled with men who are fully trained and capable.”

Because of that history in Korea, as well as the headquarters at Camp Red Cloud today, when you think of Korea, you think of the prud history of the 2nd Infantry Division, Spano said.

“Everywhere you are on this peninsula is some land that has been fought over at one time,” Spano said. “Soldiers who preceded us fought and died for where we live right now. So, when you think of the U.S. Army serving in Korea, what patch do you think of? Everyone thinks of the 2nd Infantry Division, and why wouldn’t you?”

 

Sgt. 1st Class Carlos Peña holds the Medal of Honor received by Sgt. 1st Class William S. Sitman.
Sgt. 1st Class Carlos Peña holds the Medal of Honor received by Sgt. 1st Class William S. Sitman.

 

Medal of Honor recipients inspire

2nd Infantry Division NCOs

The 2nd Infantry Division has 38 Soldiers who received the Medal of Honor for their actions in battle. Those 38 heroic tales are told at the 2nd Infantry Division Museum at Camp Red Cloud, and those stories help inspire NCOs in their missions today.

When Sgt. 1st Class Carlos Peña toured the 2nd Infantry Division Museum, he was allowed to hold the Medal of Honor received by Sgt. 1st Class William S. Sitman. (Photo by Jonathan (Jay) Koester / NCO Journal)
When Sgt. 1st Class Carlos Peña toured the 2nd Infantry Division Museum, he was allowed to hold the Medal of Honor received by Sgt. 1st Class William S. Sitman. (Photo by Jonathan (Jay) Koester / NCO Journal)

Sgt. 1st Class Ulric Sanders, First Sergeant for E Company, 3-2 General Support Aviation Battalion, 2nd Combat Aviation Brigade, 2nd Infantry Division, said the history of the 2nd Infantry Division inspires him every day.

“I’m real big on trying to follow behind some of the Medal of Honor recipients,” Sanders said. “Having 38 to follow from the division and being able to read about them and the things they’ve done is amazing. Being here, forward deployed in Korea for six decades, is a very significant point. I really appreciated getting the chance to serve in this division.”

Held in a place of honor at the museum is the Medal of Honor received posthumously by Sgt. 1st Class William S. Sitman. Sitman was serving with M Company, 23rd Infantry Regiment, 2nd Infantry Division when the 23rd was trying to hold the Korean Chipyong-ni valley against a large Chinese force on Feb. 14, 1951.

Sitman was a machine gun section leader for M Company, and when an enemy grenade knocked out his machine gun, a squad from I Company brought in a light machine gun to continue the fight as Sitman and his men remained to provide security. Then, his medal citation reads, “In the ensuing action, the enemy lobbed a grenade into the position and SFC Sitman, fully aware of the odds against him, selflessly threw himself on it, absorbing the full force of the explosion with his body. Although mortally wounded in this fearless display of valor, his intrepid act saved five men from death or serious injury, and enabled them to continue inflicting withering fire on the ruthless foe throughout the attack.”

Sgt. 1st Class Carlos Peña of the 1st Armored Brigade Combat Team, 2nd Infantry Division, is based at Camp Casey, but made a visit to the museum while he was visiting Camp Red Cloud for a retirement ceremony. Museum director William Alexander saw Peña touring the museum and allowed him to hold Sitman’s medal.

“Wow, it means a lot,” Peña said as he held the Medal of Honor. “This is special.”

2nd Combat Aviation Brigade in Korea first to test rotational units

By JONATHAN (JAY) KOESTER
NCO Journal

Like all Soldiers arriving to Korea, NCOs of the 2nd Combat Aviation Brigade, 2nd Infantry Division, quickly learn the importance of being ready to defend South Korea at a moment’s notice in case of an attack from the north.

“It’s pretty much been the focus of every brief that we’ve gotten from anybody since we’ve been on the peninsula,” said 1st Sgt. Joel Green, the first sergeant of D Troop, 4th Squadron, 6th Cavalry Regiment, 2nd Combat Aviation Brigade. “‘Fight Tonight.’ Be ready to go right now.”

As part of the preparation to be ready to “Fight Tonight” — the motto of the 2nd Infantry Division in Korea — the brigade is beginning to use rotational units. Rotational units are entire units rotating into Korea for about nine months, while most of the Soldiers serving in Korea come over individually for longer stints.

The 4th Attack Reconnaissance Squadron, 6th Cavalry Regiment, from Joint Base Lewis-McChord, Wash., was the first rotational unit to take a spot at Camp Humphreys, South Korea. The squadron deployed to Camp Humphreys in late September. Green said the rotation has worked well.

Sgt. David Henson and Spc. Justin Stack work on removing the pitch control links on a helicopter at Camp Humphreys, South Korea. Henson said NCOs in Korea get lots of experience teaching and mentoring young Soldiers.
Sgt. David Henson and Spc. Justin Stack work on removing the pitch control links on a helicopter at Camp Humphreys, South Korea. Henson said NCOs in Korea get lots of experience teaching and mentoring young Soldiers. (Photos by Jonathan (Jay) Koester)

“I think there are a lot of benefits to it,” Green said. “The logistical problem would be the worst part about it, moving a large group as opposed to individuals. But when you have a ready unit, a whole unit, coming over ready to go, you don’t have to worry about integrating one or two people, or losing a key member of the team. We’re bringing the whole team with us. I think it’s a plus.”

The unit deployed with 30 OH-58D Kiowa Warrior helicopters, which will be left behind at the end of their deployment for the next rotational unit. Command Sgt. Maj. Stanley Williams, command sergeant major of the 4-6 Cavalry, agreed that deploying as a rotational unit has strong benefits for the mission of defending South Korea.

“There are an absolute ton of positives related to deploying a rotational force versus the turnover rate of a unit,” Williams said. “There are a few negatives, but they’re personal negatives, like we don’t get some of the benefits that the permanent party gets here. We don’t get [cost of living allowances], we don’t get [privately owned vehicles]. But on the positive side, the amount of training we’ve been able to do is heads-and-shoulders above what we would normally do in the States. We’re a stronger team than we’ve ever been. … And over here, the mission is real. There is no fake enemy across that DMZ. They’re real.”

Air power

The training for the 2nd CAB in Korea is constant because the mission is constant and important, said Sgt. Maj. Christopher Hawkins, the brigade’s S-3 (operations) sergeant major.

“It’s the only Army aviation brigade in the country,” Hawkins said. “We cover every aspect of the aviation mission there is to be had. We have [unmanned aerial vehicles], and are getting more. We have scouts. We have an attack battalion. We have fixed-wing. We have medevac, Chinook, Black Hawk. So even though we’re not a theater asset, we are a theater asset. We work with Eighth Army. We work with the 19th Expeditionary Sustainment Command. We’re the only aviation asset here, so you can almost consider us a theater asset, but we’re with the 2nd Infantry Division.”

If fighting starts on the penisula, not only will Soldiers need to be ready to fight immediately, they will need to fight together. That means their preparation needs to include all those Soldiers they will fight with, whether that means other battalions or their partners in the Republic of Korea army, Hawkins said.

“In the states, many units focus on their own mission and don’t really interact much with the other battalions,” Hawkins said. “Here, it’s day-to-day operations where you are going to go do a mission with another battalion. That’s kind of unique. I’ve been in 22 years, and it’s one of the first times I’ve seen that.

“With the CAB — this CAB in particular — we have partnership agreements with the ROK army aviation units and our ROK Army counterparts,” Hawkins said. “When we go to the field, a lot of times, we’ll go to the field with them, and it’s a joint learning environment where we have back briefs each night on what we’re doing, helping them bring their aviation assets further along.”

Training with the ROK army is made easier by those serving as a Korean Augmentation to the United States Army, or KATUSA. KATUSAs are Korean soldiers who serve with the U.S. Army during their required time of 21 months of Korean military service. KATUSAs have studied English and can ease communication, Williams said.

“Just to have the KATUSAs in your formations brings a vast amount of information and resources, because they speak the language and they know the customs,” Williams said. “We’ve done some training with the ROKs, and the good news is we’ve done a lot of joint training. We’ve done a lot of training with the infantry units and the armor units, along with our ROK counterparts, up at Rodriguez Range. We’ve done huge amounts of training.”

Importance of junior NCOs

Junior NCOs also appreciate the training environment in South Korea. Sgt. Matthew Godbold, an aircraft mechanic with B Company, 602nd Aviation Support Battalion, 2nd Combat Aviation Brigade, said the opportunities for professional development are many.

“It is an amazing place for professional development because you actually have a lot more time to focus on your job,” Godbold said. “It’s really good for first-assignment Soldiers because you have a wealth of knowledge from your senior NCOs and your junior NCOs. A lot of them have combat experience and a lot of experience on the job, so this is a great place for new Soldiers to come to get really good on-the-job training. The hours put into maintenance here are a lot more than in the States. So they get a lot more time on the aircraft and a lot more time to learn other skills, because they focus a lot here on soldiering skills as well, not just maintenance — the whole spectrum: whether it be soldiering, counseling, combat-skills training or overall maintenance, too.”

Sgt. Brian Pease of the 3rd General Support Aviation Battalion, 2nd Aviation Regiment, 2nd Combat Aviation Brigade, 2nd Infantry Division, checks a helicopter for cracks and erosion at Camp Humphreys, South Korea. “We work real hard over here because we have a constant mission, so we have to constantly keep our aircraft in the best working condition possible,” Pease said. “We’re constantly flying, so we just keep these aircraft coming in and out all day.” (Photos by Jonathan (Jay) Koester)
Sgt. Brian Pease of the 3rd General Support Aviation Battalion, 2nd Aviation Regiment, 2nd Combat Aviation Brigade, 2nd Infantry Division, checks a helicopter for cracks and erosion at Camp Humphreys, South Korea. “We work real hard over here because we have a constant mission, so we have to constantly keep our aircraft in the best working condition possible,” Pease said. “We’re constantly flying, so we just keep these aircraft coming in and out all day.”

With so many young Soldiers arriving to Korea, it’s a good trial-by-fire for NCOs, Godbold said. NCOs in Korea have to be ready to mentor young Soldiers in their duties and responsibilities.

“Soldiering and mentoring junior soldiers is really big here because there is a really big flow of, I guess you’d say, trouble,” Godbold said. “Soldiers come here, and this being their first unit, some just go crazy. It’s their first time getting a paycheck, so they go out and experience things. It’s a good thing to experience Korea and what the culture has to offer, but do it responsibly. It’s a big issue with NCOs having to keep an eye on their Soldiers to keep them out of trouble.

“Also, know your job well,” Godbold said. “Because new Soldiers, coming fresh out of training, coming here for the first time, you have to know how to train them so they can learn their job. So, job knowledge and basic Soldier skills would be good things for NCOs to have here.”

Sgt. David Henson, an aircraft mechanic with A Company, 4th Aerial Reconnaissance Battalion (Attack), 2nd Aviation Regiment, 2nd Combat Aviation Brigade, also spoke of the pressure of mentoring young Soldiers in Korea.

“A lot of new people fresh out of school come here, the newer privates,” Henson said. “As an NCO, you’ll have a lot of privates, so you get to do a lot of education, a lot of teaching and training. In that regard, for NCOs it’s great. Privates get a lot of training; they’re fresh and ready to learn.”

Adding to the heavy focus on training is the knowledge that the threat from North Korea is so immediate, Godbold said.

“The training here is high-impact,” Godbold said. “Our motto is ‘Fight Tonight.’ So we train in a way to always be prepared, because at any moment we could be stuck in a combat situation. Part of our training method is ‘train as you fight,’ so we go out in full battle rattle and shoot at these ranges.

“The training tempo is high, and they focus a lot on it,” Godbold said. “But on the opposite side, they also focus a lot on maintenance, especially in the combat aviation brigade. So you get the best of both worlds — it’s soldiering, combat skills and maintenance. You’re always busy at work.”